|Place of Origin:||CHINA|
|Minimum Order Quantity:||0-100|
|Packaging Details:||Common package or custom package|
|Payment Terms:||L/C, D/A, D/P, T/T, Western Union, MoneyGram|
|Measuring Principle:||Scattering Method||Range:||0 ~ 100 NTU|
|Resolution:||0.1 NTU, 0.1 °C||Precision:||± 3% Or ± 2 NTU ± 0.5 °C|
|Calibration Mode:||Two-point Calibration||Temperature Compensation:||Automatic Temperature Compensation (PT1000)|
Support RS-485 Online Turbidity Sensor,
RTU Protocol Online Turbidity Sensor
The KTU310 integrated on-line turbidimeter is designed and made by the principle of scattering light turbidimeter. When a beam of light enters a water sample, the light is scattered by the turbidity material in the water sample. The turbidity in the water sample can be calculated by measuring the intensity of the scattered light in the vertical direction of the incident light and comparing it with the internal calibration value, the final value is output after linearization.
90 ° angle scattering principle, built-in temperature sensor
Support RS-485, Modbus/RTU protocol
Fiber structure, strong anti-interference ability of external light
Infrared LED light source, high stability
IP68, shield, water depth, 20 meters
Convenient, fast, stable and easy to maintain
|Measuring principle||Scattering method|
|Range||0 ~ 100 NTU|
|Resolution||0.1 NTU, 0.1 °C|
± 3% or ± 2 NTU
± 0.5 °C
|Calibration mode||Two-point calibration|
|Temperature compensation||Automatic temperature compensation (PT1000)|
|Working conditions||0ー50 °C, < 0.2 mpa|
|Storage temperature||- 5 ~ 65 °C|
|Installation mode||Immersion mounting, 3/4 NPT thread|
|Power consumption||< 0.05 W|
|Power supply||12 ~ 24 VDC ± 10%|
Installation distance: 5 cm above the side wall and 10 cm above the bottom.
Turbid creek water caused by heavy rains.
The most widely used measurement unit for turbidity is the Formazin Turbidity Unit (FTU). ISO refers to its units as FNU (Formazin Nephelometric Units). ISO 7027 provides the method in water quality for the determination of turbidity. It is used to determine the concentration of suspended particles in a sample of water by measuring the incident light scattered at right angles from the sample. The scattered light is captured by a photodiode, which produces an electronic signal that is converted to a turbidity. Open source hardware has been developed following the ISO 7027 method to measure turbidity reliably using an Arduino microcontroller and inexpensive LEDs.
There are several practical ways of checking water quality, the most direct being some measure of attenuation (that is, reduction in strength) of light as it passes through a sample column of water.The alternatively used Jackson Candle method (units: Jackson Turbidity Unit or JTU) is essentially the inverse measure of the length of a column of water needed to completely obscure a candle flame viewed through it. The more water needed (the longer the water column), the clearer the water. Of course water alone produces some attenuation, and any substances dissolved in the water that produce color can attenuate some wavelengths. Modern instruments do not use candles, but this approach of attenuation of a light beam through a column of water should be calibrated and reported in JTUs.
The propensity of particles to scatter a light beam focused on them is now considered a more meaningful measure of turbidity in water. Turbidity measured this way uses an instrument called a nephelometer with the detector set up to the side of the light beam. More light reaches the detector if there are many small particles scattering the source beam than if there are few. The units of turbidity from a calibrated nephelometer are called Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU). To some extent, how much light reflects for a given amount of particulates is dependent upon properties of the particles like their shape, color, and reflectivity. For this reason (and the reason that heavier particles settle quickly and do not contribute to a turbidity reading), a correlation between turbidity and total suspended solids (TSS) is somewhat unusual for each location or situation.
Turbidity in lakes, reservoirs, channels, and the ocean can be measured using a Secchi disk. This black and white disk is lowered into the water until it can no longer be seen; the depth (Secchi depth) is then recorded as a measure of the transparency of the water (inversely related to turbidity). The Secchi disk has the advantages of integrating turbidity over depth (where variable turbidity layers are present), being quick and easy to use, and inexpensive. It can provide a rough indication of the depth of the euphotic zone with a 3-fold division of the Secchi depth, however this cannot be used in shallow waters where the disk can still be seen on the bottom.
An additional device, which may help measuring turbidity in shallow waters is the turbidity tube. The turbidity tube condenses water in a graded tube which allows determination of turbidity based on a contrast disk in its bottom, being analogous to the Secchi disk.
Turbidity in air, which causes solar attenuation, is used as a measure of pollution. To model the attenuation of beam irradiance, several turbidity parameters have been introduced, including the Linke turbidity factor (TL).
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